<>stream The Great Altar at Pergamon is typical of the anti-Classical Greek Hellenistic style due to its Pergamon was an ancient city located in the Anatolia region, approximately 25 kilometres from the Aegean Sea in present-day Bergama, Izmir Province of Turkey.The city had great strategic value, since it overlooked the Caicus River Valley (modern name Bakırçay) which provided access from Pergamon to the Aegean coast. 0000006346 00000 n This ArtHearty post chronicles the features and achievements of Hellenistic art. 0000030887 00000 n 0000003430 00000 n In Pergamon Museum …from its main attraction, the altar of Zeus from Pergamon (Pergamum). The altar was constructed around a staircase and the 2.3 metres high and 120-metre long frieze is topped by a collonaded hall. 118 0 obj

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Under Hadrian (117-138 CE), the city was favoured by several imperial initiatives. endobj Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. 112 0 obj Following years of unrest, the city became part of the territory controlled by Lysimachus, one of the Macedonian generals. Eumenes II succeeded Attalus I and he ruled Pergamon from 197 BCE to 159 BCE. endobj h�b```b``Q``e`��� Ā B@1v����iW�d;8~0>shx���d5i��u�в�X=;�}ʚ�)KNm �X_,�*��|zƦ���a݂�E�M[^M�H+�rQ���n�dq�);�F�z��h����Q�C��7��V:~}��嵘��]0A�g>��*�\�����j=3c~ܔO"�~;\��. 0000004749 00000 n 0000002878 00000 n

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The Hellenistic Period witnessed the glory and power of the Greek Empire reaching its zenith. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 617.094 251.328 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> Athena Killing a Giantby Mina Bulic (CC BY-NC-ND). Last modified June 14, 2015. Pergamon was relatively safe at this point: the Romans extended their protection over nearly all the Mediterranean coast of Asia but all of these benefits had a high cost, for now Pergamon, although a lot bigger, was a lot less independent.

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Considered a masterpiece of the Hellenistic Age, this ancient Greek structure was shipped to Berlin in 1910, and the museum was built, in part, to house it. %PDF-1.7 %���� The Romans finally evicted the Persians and Emperor Constants II (641-668 CE) limited himself to fortifying the acropolis. %%EOF Legendary Sites of the Ancient World: An Illustrated Guide to Over 80... Art of the Hellenistic Kingdoms: From Pergamon to Rome, The Thermohaline Finestructure of the Ocean: Pergamon Marine Series. endobj 114 0 obj

Hellenistic center, Pergamon. Books It is one of the most impressive works of art surviving from antiquity. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/pergamon/. Pergamon is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. trailer

0000000936 00000 n 0000007344 00000 n endobj Philatauerus is usually mentioned as the founder of the ruling dynasty of Pergamon, but it was actually the ruler after Eumenes, Attalus I (r. 241-197 BCE), who was the official founder of the Attalid dynasty as he was the first one who used the title of king. 121 0 obj This is believed to be just ten percent of the total for the entire library. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Under Attalus I Pergamon became the capital of the most powerful kingdom in Anatolia. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. xref By this time, Pergamon was no more than a deteriorated ten-hectare city, a pale reflection of its former self. 120 0 obj 0000025839 00000 n …focus, while the altar of Pergamum and the Ara Pacis (Augustan Altar of Peace) in Rome are evidences of the open-air religious observances of the classical world. H��S�j�0}�W��{�$�&C)4��#?0h;:�:�����N�M