1.6% of the population, or 31,214 people, identified as Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders) in 2016. Four races (2006, 2007, 2008 and 2010) in the Red Bull Air Race World Championship have been held on a stretch of the Swan River called Perth Water, using Langley Park as a temporary air field.
Colleges of TAFE provide trade and vocational training, including certificate- and diploma-level courses. Increasingly it was these services sectors, concentrated around the Perth metropolitan area, that provided jobs. Last two years, the population growth has slowed down. Other features include DNA Tower, a 15 m (49 ft) high double helix staircase that resembles the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule, and Jacob's Ladder, comprising 242 steps that lead down to Mounts Bay Road. ] Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with most of the metropolitan area on the Swan Coastal Plain between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp.
The Swan Valley, with fertile soil, uncommon in the Perth region, features numerous wineries, such as the large complex at Houghtons, the state's biggest producer, Sandalfords and many smaller operators, including microbreweries and rum distilleries. We also recommend taking a look at the Perth wikipedia page. In 2011, the densest suburb of Perth was Highgate, with 5,004 people per square kilometer. Perth's main container and passenger port is at Fremantle, 19 km (12 mi) south west at the mouth of the Swan River. Perth's 2020 population is now estimated at 2,041,959. After WWII, Perth experienced suburban expansion aided by high levels of car ownership. The University of Notre Dame Australia was established in 1990. The top six countries of birth for people in Perth are: Australia, England, New Zealand, South Africa, India and Scotland. But it is still one of the least populated developed cities in the World. By 2016, there were 35,262 South Africans residing in Perth. The Scitech Discovery Centre in West Perth is an interactive science museum, with regularly changing exhibitions on a large range of science and technology based subjects. We also recommend this article on the BBC website, which explains the human impact of rapid population growth in Perth.  These are supported by the Australian Eurasian Association of Western Australia, which also serves a community of Portuguese-Malacca Eurasian or Kristang immigrants.. , Perth has also become a hub of technology focused startups since the early 2000s who provide a pool of highly skilled jobs to the Perth community.
 The judgment was overturned on appeal. Perth (/ˈpɜːrθ/ (listen); Nyungar: Boorloo) is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA).