It was believed that the child's name foretold its future; even a weak or sick child could grow up to be a great warrior, hunter, and raider if given a name suggesting courage and strength. On May 29, 1908, the United States Congress authorized the United States Secretary of the Interior to allot Lehmann, as an adopted member of the Comanche nation, 160 acres of Oklahoma land, near Grandfield. New Mexico, Colorado, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas were the original home to the Comanche Indians.

They lived on the hot, low-shadow desert plateaus of Llano Estacado in eastern New Mexico and found shelter in Tule Canyon and Palo Duro Canyon in northeastern Texas. Women also tanned hides to make soft and supple buckskin, which was used for tipi covers, warm robes, blankets, cloths, and moccasins. Many tribal members were defrauded of whatever remained of their land and possessions. Most meats were roasted over a fire or boiled.

Meusebach brokered the treaty to settle the lands on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant, from which were formed the 10 counties of Concho, Kimble, Llano, Mason, McCulloch, Menard, Schleicher, San Saba, Sutton, and Tom Green. In the mid 19th century, other powerfull divisions arose, such as the Nokoni Nʉʉ (Nokoni) ('wanderers', literally 'go someplace and return'), and the Kwaarʉ Nʉʉ (Kwahadi, Quohada) ('Antelope Eaters'). The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Christian missionaries persuaded Comanche people to bury their dead in coffins in graveyards,[48] which is the practice today. As he approached manhood, a boy went on his first buffalo hunt.

All three bands together were known as "Middle Comanche" because they lived "in the middle" of the Comancheria. The Comanche were valued as trading partners since 1786 via the Comancheros of New Mexico, but were feared for their raids against settlers in Texas. He then lifted the child to symbolize its growing up and announced the child's name four times. Men wore a leather belt with a breechcloth — a long piece of buckskin that was brought up between the legs and looped over and under the belt at the front and back, and loose-fitting deerskin leggings.

[47], As the boy grew older, he joined the other boys to hunt birds. The lining was stretched over four sticks and then filled with water to make a pot for cooking soups and stews. The name "Comanche" comes from the Ute name for the people: kɨmantsi (enemy),. If he made a kill, his father honored him with a feast. Warfare was a major part of Comanche life.

[12], The horse was a key element in the emergence of a distinctive Comanche culture. Comanche women might also tattoo their face or arms.

To prepare the buffalo hides, women first spread them on the ground, then scraped away the fat and flesh with blades made from bones or antlers, and left them in the sun. A popular pattern among the women was to paint the insides of their ears a bright red and paint great orange and red circles on their cheeks. Because of their frequent traveling, Comanche Indians had to make sure that their household goods and other possessions were unbreakable.

[41], The newborn was swaddled and remained with its mother in the tipi for a few days. [44] Sometimes, though, an older sister or other relative was called upon to discipline a child, or the parents arranged for a boogey man to scare the child. Smith, C.L., 1927, The Boy Captives, San Saba: San Saba Printing & Office Supply. The Comanche tribe was a nomadic tribe, they lived in tipis and moved around.

Except for black, which was the color for war, there was no standard color or pattern for face and body painting: it was a matter of individual preference. The "Western Comanche" label encompassed the Kwaarʉ Nʉʉ (Kwahadi, Quohada) ('Antelope Eaters'), which is the last to develope as an independent band in the 19th century. The Comanche women were the ones who did the most work with food processing and preparation.[51]. Comanche men rarely wore anything on their heads. They carried water and collected wood, and when about twelve years old learned to cook meals, make tipis, sew clothing, prepare hides, and perform other tasks essential to becoming a wife and mother.